Connecting delta cities: coastal cities, flood risk management
Aerts, J. Major, D. C.
At present, more than 50% of the entire world population lives in cities. According to the United Nations more than two-thirds of the worlds large cities are vulnerable to rising sea levels, exposing millions of people to the risk of extreme floods and storms. Within the coming 30 years, the United Nations project that the number of people living in cities will increase to 60% of the worlds population, resulting in even more people living in highly exposed areas. Both scientists and policy makers have addressed the issue of adapting to the challenge of climate change, and both call for embedding long term scenarios in city planning and investments in all sectors. Based on estimations of costs of estimations, it appears that investing in adaptation now would save money in the long term. This book shows the different aspects of climate adaptation. It is an independent investigation of comparative adaptation problems and progress in the cities of Rotterdam, New York and Jakarta. In this regard, each city faces different challenges; one of the lessons of the Connecting Delta Cities initiative is that while cities will follow adaptation paths that may differ, sometimes substantially, each city can learn from the others. The authors are Jeroen Aerts, VU University Amsterdam David C. Major, Columbia University Malcolm J. Bowman, State University of New York, Stony Brook Piet Dircke, Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences Muh Aris Marfai, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta