In the twenty-first century, complex health care problems have remained unsolved. Conflicts between public interests and individual rights, evolving public health crises in low income countries, the challenge of regulating health professionals, and the effects of globalisation on health (care systems) dominate the contemporary debates in this field. In a way, these problems expose the (regulatory) weaknesses of health systems responding to these questions. Facing these problems, health lawyers and policy makers should - more than in the past - focus on underlying normative values in health care. Core values include solidarity and justice in health care access.